This time of year brings with it beautiful fall colours, crisp air and of course pumpkin flavoured everything. It is also an excellent time to review any prudent changes to your tax planning for the current year. Many people only begin to consider their tax planning in March or April ,however, by having these conversations with your accountant sooner, the accountant will have more options to assist you. While your CPA is your primary tax planner, we have put this guide together to assist you in considering what changes may be needed since your previous plan.
The following is a brief checklist of items to consider in reviewing your 2021 tax planning. Please take a look at the below and let us know if any apply to you that have not come up in our conversations this year.
Changes in 2021 income or beyond
Reviewing any changes in income for 2021 or projected in the future is important to ensure we plan appropriate strategies to minimize your taxes over the long-term. A few of which are mentioned below.
1. Opening or topping up:
Registered Education Savings Plans (RESPs), and Registered Disability Savings Plans (RDSPs)
Make sure to make your 2021 contributions before the end of the year in order to receive the 2021 grants
RESPs– for children under 16
RDSPs– for anyone that qualifies for the Disability Tax Credit (DTC)
2. Changes in family dynamics
A birth, death, marriage or separation can have an impact on many aspects of your affairs – financial and non-financial.
3. Projected future capital gains, i.e. sale of rental property
Consider future capital gains in advance, such as selling a rental property in 5 or 10 years, in order to plan for minimizing the tax liability at such time. i.e. not contributing RRSPs for the time being and making a large contribution in the future year may be prudent
4. Upcoming corporate year-ends
Consider corporate taxes and a review of planning strategies for the fiscal year.
Notably, if corporate net income will be over $500,000 an Individual Pension Plan (IPP)can lower corporate taxes and increase your retirement savings more than RRSP’s.
Click here for more information on PPP’s.
5. Old Age Security (OAS) claw-back
If you are receiving OAS - if 2021 net income is greater than $75,000 then you will have to repay 15% of the excess over this amount, to a maximum of the total amount of OAS received. Consider ways to lower your income for 2021 to minimize OAS claw-back.
6. Transfer capital losses to higher income spouse
If one spouse has higher income (thus a higher tax bracket) than the other spouse, and the spouse with lower income has investments currently lower than the purchase cost, you can transfer the capital loss to the higher income spouse.
Click here for more information on transferring capital losses.
7. Charitable donations
Many of us this time of year enjoy helping others and charitable organizations.
When you make charitable donations, it is more beneficial to donate investments which have increased in value instead of donating cash. By doing so, you do not have to pay tax on the capital gains, while you do receive a tax receipt for the fair market value of the securities.
8. Consider time spent out of the country
If you spend an extended period of time in another country, you may be required to file a tax return in that country. You should always consult a tax adviser to determine what you are the requirements.
9. U.S. citizen considerations
U.S. citizens are required to file a U.S. tax return. Not well known is that if a U.S. citizen residing in Canada sells their principal residence (not taxable in Canada) with a gain of more than $250,000, you are required to pay U.S. taxes on the gain over $250,000.
10. When to take CPP and OAS
If you are approaching 60 or 65 and have not started to receive CPP or OAS yet, consider when is best for you before you.
Click here for more information on when to take CPP and OAS.
11. Converting RRSP to RRIF
If you have retired or your income is lower this year, consider when to convert your RRSP to a RRIF. It may be beneficial to do so before required at age 71 to take advantage of lower tax brackets.
Click here for more information on considerations for when to convert RRSP’s to a RRIF.